Why Consult a Dentist / Oral Surgeon

Gum Disease | Root Canal TherapyOral SurgeryOrthodonticsOral CancerCrowns | Radiography

Gum Disease or Periodontal Disease
Gum Inflammation

Periodontal disease affects 85% of both cats and dogs over the age of 2 years. As the bacterial plaque and tartar accumulate on the tooth surface, their waste products release toxin, which damage the gums and supporting bone structures. In the early stages, the gums start to redden and become swollen. This is called gingivitis. The process leads to bad breath in our pets called halitosis. If a thorough dental cleaning by a dental veterinarian is done at this stage the disease can be reversed and the gums return to normal. If no treatment is

done, the disease progresses and the gums become more inflamed, bleed and start to recede away from the teeth.

Further deterioration leads to a breakdown of the tooth's supporting bone and ligaments. These supporting structures are further damaged by bone destruction. This is called "periodontitis" or inflammation of the supporting structures of the tooth. This stage of the disease is irreversible and cannot be restored.

Fractured 4th PreMolar
In certain breeds (Cocker Spaniels, Dobermans, Maine Coon Cats and Abyssinians), the inflammation caused by gingivitis can also lead to the gums enlarging and overgrowing the teeth. This is called "gingival hyperplasia." The overgrowth creates a pseudopocket around the tooth that traps more debris and bacteria. The result is an increase of infection and pus below the gum line. The veterinary dentist can restore the normal height of the gingiva by using radiosurgery. This procedure, also called a "gingivectomy," utilizes high frequency radio waves to cut the gums, reduce bleeding, and dimish pain. It will not only eliminate the pocket but also restores the mouth's self cleaning mechanism and reduces the speed of further plaque and tartar accumulation under the gum line.
Hyperplasia Gingivectomy After Surgery

Gum Disease | Root Canal TherapyOral SurgeryOrthodonticsOral CancerCrowns | Radiography